Zinc citrate is a zinc salt of citric acid. It is available as dietary supplements as a treatment of zinc deficiency and source of zinc, which is an essential trace element. Zinc citrate demonstrates effective absorption following oral administration.
Zinc Citrate is an essential trace mineral and a factor in the maintenance of good health as it supports and protects the immune system and helps the body fight against diseases. Zinc is important for tissue formation and the proper metabolism of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.
Zinc citrate is available as dihydrate and trihydrate and is produced by complete neutralisation of citric acid with a high purity zinc source, subsequent precipitation and dehydration.
Zinc citrate is mainly used in dental care products such as toothpastes, mouthwashes and chewing gums due to its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects and its ability to reduce or inhibit the formation of dental plaque and tartar. In pharmaceuticals, zinc citrate fights common colds. Zinc is increasingly used in food supplements, functional foods and beverages.
As an organic mineral source it is preferred in many applications over inorganic sources because of its superior bioavailability, physiological compatibility and nearly neutral taste compared to other zinc salts.
Among the organic zinc salts zinc citrate has one of the highest zinc content 31 %, Zinc citrate is supplied as a white to almost white powder. It is practically odourless, slightly soluble in water, soluble in diluted acid and practically insoluble in ethanol 96 %. Zinc citrate has an inverse solubility.
Zinc Citrate Tri-hydrate is used in toothpaste and mouthwash to prevent dental plaque formation and gingivitis. Zinc is also used in chew gum, candies, and mouth rinses to treat bad breath.
Zinc Citrate Di-hydrate is used in food supplements, functional foods and beverages. It is used to formulated in pharmaceuticals, and foods as a zinc supplement.
To summarize, Zinc citrate Tri-hydrate is mainly used in oral care ingredients and followed by food supplements and dietary supplements. Regulatory status, it is listed in Canada, China, Japan, Korea and Australia. It is GMP certified, ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 certified for Tri-hydrate. Zinc is an important nutrient necessary for protein synthesis, wound healing and also for tissue function.