Dandruff is a harmless, chronic condition that occurs when the scalp becomes dry or greasy and produces white flakes of dead skin that appear in the hair or on the shoulders.
You can develop dandruff when you are a baby, known as “cradle cap” and in your teen and adult years. Severe dandruff or chronic dandruff can be frustrating and embarrassing, and it can also be very itchy and uncomfortable.
The cause of dandruff is shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp at an excessive rate. This is the result of metabolic by-products of skin micro-organisms (fungus Malassezia furfur). Malassezia metabolizes triglycerides present in sebum by the expression of lipase, resulting in a lipid byproduct Oleic Acid (OA). Penetration by OA of the top layer of the epidermis, results in cleavage of the stratum corneum cells, As a result dead skin cells are shed in large oily clumps which appears as white or grayish patches on the scalp, skin and clothes. You can treat your dandruff using professional ingredients and home remedies, and take the necessary steps to prevent dandruff from developing on your scalp or other areas of your body. The goal of treatment is to reduce the yeast and inflammation caused by the fungi and this is usually done with a topical agent.
One of the most effective anti-fungal ingredients used for treatment of dandruff by most of the top shampoo formulators is Kumar Organic’s Kopthione 50% FPS. The common name of Kopthione 50% FPS is Zinc Pyrithione 50%. It is available in white to off-white suspension form, with 50% Assay. Zinc pyrithione is best known for its use in treating dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis.ZINC PYRITHIONE 50% yields a soluble portion of Zinc Pyrithione molecules, which penetrate the fungal cell membrane (green). The Antifungal effect of ZINC PYRITHIONE is proposed to derive from its ability to disrupt membrane transport by blocking the proton pump that energizes the transport mechanism. It also has antibacterial properties and is effective against many pathogens from the Streptococcus and Staphylococcus genera. Its other medical applications include treatments of psoriasis, eczema, ringworm, fungus, athletes foot, dry skin, atopic dermatitis, tinea, and vitiligo.
The best way to treat dandruff and keep it away for good is to use an anti-dandruff shampoo with an active ingredient like Kopthione 50% FPS that tackles the root cause of dandruff. Kopthione 50% FPS both removes and helps prevent the formation of scalp irritants, to keep your scalp healthy and comfortable.